Xi Gua


Xi Gua in TCM:

Explore the properties of Xi Gua according to Chinese
Nutrition and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM):

English Name: watermelon fruit
Pharmacuetical Name: Fructus Citrulli
Properties: sweet, cold

Temperature: cold

Channels: ST, HT, UB

Flavors: sweet

Special Properties:
resolves dryness, resolves summer heat

    Alternative Forms:
  • Xi Gua Pi (watermelon rind) - Promotes urination, clears summer heat, relieves thirst: Xi Gua Pi is commonly used to treat dysuria with summer heat that is damaging body fluids.
  • Xi Gua Cui Pi (outermost green skin of watermelon rind) - stronger to clear ST heat and summer dampness.
  • Xi Gua Shuang (watermelon frost) - clears heat, relieves toxicity, sore throat, toothache, thirst; topical use for sores in mouth, gums; 1-2gm. Xi Gua Shuang is prepared by cutting 8-9 lb watermelon at the stem end, removing some flesh, adding 500 gm of mang xiao, re-capping it, and placing in a ventilated, cool, dark place for 10 days: a crystalling "frost" develops on the skin: available in powder and pill.

Actions / Indications:
  • Clears summer heat; generates fluids (relieves thirst, for summer heat patterns; especially with dark scanty urine and dry heaves)
  • Promotes urination; resolves jaundice (edema with thirst, icteric hepatitis with jaundice; excess pathological fluids with deficiency of beneficial fluids)
  • (cc: excessive damp-cold or middle jiao deficient cold)

    Special Notes:
  • Xi Gua is commonly known as "natural Bai Hu Tang" decoction because it clears heat from the yangming.
  • Xi Gua Pi more strongly promotes urination while Xi Gua more effectively clears summer heat and dampness.