Zhi Shi


Zhi Shi in TCM:

Explore the properties of Zhi Shi according to Chinese
Nutrition and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM):


English Name: aurnatium immaturus, immature bitter orange, immature sweet orange
Pharmacuetical Name: Fructus Aurantii Immaturus
Properties: bitter, acrid, cool

Temperature: cool

Channels: LI, ST, SP

Flavors: bitter, pungent

Special Properties:
clears heat, clears damp, resolves phlegm, alleviates bi syndrome

Actions / Indications:
  • Breaks up stagnant qi and resolves food accumulations (indigestion with focal distension or gas, epigastric or abdominal pain and distension, diarrhea, incomplete feeling, abdominal pain and constipation with abdominal pain and fullness; dysenteric disorder or damp-heat diarrhea)
  • Transforms phlegm; relieves focal distension (cholecystitis, chest bi; angina; focal distension of chest and epigastrium due to phlegm obstructing qi; recent use for coronary artery disease)
  • Treats SP qi sinking (gastrectasis, gastroptosis, rectal and urethral prolapse; recent use for treating hypotension)
  • (cc: pregnancy)
  • (cc: SP and ST qi deficiency)

    Special Notes:
  • Zhi Shi should not be used by itself since its qi dispersing function may consume qi.
  • Zhi Shi is acidic and should be used with caution in patients suffering from peptic ulcer.
  • Zhi Ke and Zhi Shi are similar but not interchangeable. Zhi Shi is more suitable for severe cases because it is more potent, while Zhi Ke is more gentle. Zhi ke is ripe while Zhi Shi is unripened and stronger in action.


As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. Please support this site by using the above links to order!